infectious disease


infectious disease
A disease caused by bacteria, virus, or other parasite in the body. A disease likely to be spread to other persons by infection. A disease which presupposes a cause acting by hidden influences, like the miasma of prison ships or marshes, or through the pollution of water or the atmosphere, or from the various dejections from animals. As applied to Texas fever, if it were infectious, it would be communicated by cattle carrying the germs of the disease from the infected district, and depositing them upon the range and waters occupied by other cattle susceptible to the infection, so that they would become infected therefrom. Grayson v Lynch, 163 US 468, 477, 41 L Ed 230, 233, 16 S Ct 1064. An infectious disease may or may not be contagious, that is, communicable by contact or body exhalation. Grayson v Lynch, 163 US 468, 41 L Ed 230, 16 S Ct 1064.

Ballentine's law dictionary. . 1998.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • infectious disease — n a disease caused by the entrance into the body of organisms (as bacteria, protozoans, fungi, or viruses) which grow and multiply there see COMMUNICABLE DISEASE, CONTAGIOUS DISEASE * * * see communicable disease …   Medical dictionary

  • Infectious disease — In*fec tious dis*ease (a) Any disease caused by the entrance, growth, and multiplication of microorganisms in the body; a germ disease. It may not be contagious. (b) Sometimes, as distinguished from {contagious disease}, such a disease… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • infectious disease — Introduction       in medicine, a process caused by a microorganism that impairs a person s health. An infection, by contrast, is the invasion of and replication in the body by any of various microbial agents including bacteria, viruses (virus),… …   Universalium

  • infectious disease — užkrečiamoji liga statusas T sritis ekologija ir aplinkotyra apibrėžtis Liga, kurią sukelia į organizmą įsiskverbę patogeniniai mikrobai (bakterijos, virusai, grybai, pirmuonys). Plinta pavieniais susirgimais arba masiniais protrūkiais,… …   Ekologijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • infectious disease — vandens gyvūnų užkrečiamoji liga statusas Aprobuotas sritis veterinarija apibrėžtis Vandens gyvūnų klinikinė arba neklinikinė liga, kurios vienas ar daugiau etiologinių veiksnių yra patogeniai organizmai. atitikmenys: angl. infectious disease vok …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • infectious disease — infekcinė liga statusas T sritis apsauga nuo naikinimo priemonių atitikmenys: angl. infectious disease rus. инфекционная болезнь ryšiai: žiūrėk – užkrečiamoji liga …   Apsaugos nuo naikinimo priemonių enciklopedinis žodynas

  • infectious disease — užkrečiamoji liga statusas T sritis apsauga nuo naikinimo priemonių apibrėžtis Liga, kurią sukelia į organizmą įsiskverbę patogeniniai (ligas sukeliantys) mikrobai (↑ bakterijos, ↑ virusai, grybeliai, ↑ riketsijos). Užkrečiamoji liga plinta… …   Apsaugos nuo naikinimo priemonių enciklopedinis žodynas

  • infectious disease — noun a disease transmitted only by a specific kind of contact (Freq. 3) • Hypernyms: ↑communicable disease • Hyponyms: ↑AIDS, ↑acquired immune deficiency syndrome, ↑brucellosis, ↑undulant fever, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • infectious disease — Synonyms and related words: abnormality, acute disease, affection, affliction, ailment, allergic disease, allergy, atrophy, bacterial disease, birth defect, blight, cardiovascular disease, chronic disease, circulatory disease, complaint,… …   Moby Thesaurus


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